As leaders gathered for day two of the 10th BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) Summit at the Sandton Convention Centre in Johannesburg on Thursday, they were united in their cause to secure their spots in the imminent Fourth Industrial Revolution.
Preparation for the revolution, also dubbed the digital age or revolution 4.0, dominated discussions among the leaders of the bloc.
The digital age is characterised by big data, artificial intelligence, and new technologies, industries and business models.
“This surge in innovation has the potential to dramatically improve productivity and to place entire countries on a new trajectory of prosperity. It has the potential to solve many of the social problems we face by better equipping us to combat disease, hunger and environmental degradation,” said President Cyril Ramaphosa.
The President said unless the digital age is approached in a collaborative manner, underpinned by a developmental agenda and rapid technological change, it would merely serve to entrench existing disparities within and between countries.
Day two of the summit also saw BRICS leaders sign two agreements: one on environmental cooperation and a memorandum of understating on a regional aviation partnership amongst the BRICS countries.
Openness, breaking down trade barriers, education and addressing the imbalance of available skills compared to those required by the digital age were championed as the keys to ensure that BRICS nations do not get left behind.
BRICS countries should not become mere adopters of new technologies; instead, they should combine their resources and expertise to become innovators, said President Ramaphosa.
“We should not allow technology to shape our societies. We must instead ensure that the needs of our societies shape the technologies that we develop.
“We must ensure that mastery of the 4th Industrial Revolution does not become the exclusive preserve of just a handful of countries. We must promote inclusivity, diversity and cooperation,” he said.
Guided by the BRICS vision to share in inclusive growth, Brazilian President Michel Temer said it is only by opening up their countries that they will realise the fruit of their grouping.
“We can only be competitive if we are open. And I mean open to more sophisticated inputs, advanced technologies, bolder ideas, and open to more investments and trade,” said President Temer.
With the realisation that the there is an imbalance between the skills currently available and those demanded by the digital age, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi articulated the need for BRICS member states to align education and skills in preparation for revolution 4.0.
“We will need to develop school curricular and university courses in such a way that they are able to prepare our youth for the future. We need to ensure that the very fast changes that are taking place in technology [are] reflected in the same pace in our courses,” Prime Minister Narendra Modi
In line with skills development, Chinese President Xi Jinping announced that China will host 17 human resources development programmes, where experts from “the five countries will be invited to draw up a blueprint for co-operation in the industrial revolution”.
President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin said to enable economic growth in the group, BRICS members must “create a comfortable environment to stimulate the economic sectors”, and encourage co-operation among the countries’ respective businesses.
According to President Putin, in 2017, Russian trade with BRICS countries grew by 30% and to build on this, Russia aims to further develop and support proposals to simplify trade barriers between the respective countries.
Following the open session and signing of agreements, the BRICS leaders engaged in bilateral sessions.
To conclude the three-day summit, a BRICS Plus initiative and BRICS-Africa outreach session are planned for Friday. This will see BRICS leaders engage with their counterparts from Africa and emerging economies on charting a way forward.
Rwandan President and African Union chair Paul Kagame, Togo President Faure Gnassingbe, Gabon President Ali Bongo Ondimba, Angolan President Joao Lourenco, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni and Namibia, as incoming chair of the Southern African Development Community (SADC), are set to participate in an outreach session.
President of Argentina and Head of the G8, Mauricio Marci; chair of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation and President of Turkey Recep Erdogan and United Nations (UN) Secretary-General Antonio Guterres will also take part in the BRICS plus initiative on Friday. – SAnews.gov.za