Public comment sought on Victim Support Services Bill

Friday, July 31, 2020

Social Development Minister Lindiwe Zulu has called on South Africans and organisations, particularly those involved the fight against gender-based violence, to comment on the Victim Support Services Bill (VSS).

The Minister’s call comes as South Africa will commemorate Women’s Month in August.

The VSS Bill is part of a critical legislative framework by government in its endeavour to combat the scourge of crime, particularly gender-based and violent crimes.

The bill seeks to put the victim at the centre of the criminal justice system in order to ensure that the rights applicable to the perpetrator are also the rights entitled to the victim.

Currently, the criminal justice system focuses more on the rights of an arrested person or accused person, in line with section 35 of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, while limited emphasis is placed on the rights of victims.

The bill also seeks to bring to the attention of the courts the meaning of section 9 of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996, which provides that “everyone is equal before the law and has the right to equal protection and benefit of the law”.

Victims of gender-based violence, therefore, require this protection and benefit of the law in the same manner than it is extended to the perpetrators.

The bill, which was gazetted and published on 17 July 2020, begins to recognise that victims experience secondary victimisation and therefore creates a prohibition against such.

It provides that secondary victimisation is illegal and needs to be prevented at all times through service provision.

The VSS Bill stipulates the various services to be provided to victims, in as much as services are channelled towards the accused.

“It delineates the services of various stakeholders according to their mandate and expertise. This includes the department’s psychosocial support services, which is linked to the provision of sheltering services. The VSS Bill advocates specifically for the legal representation of a victim.

“It calls for the State to endure the legal costs for the victim in cases whereby victims wish to sue the accused for damages. It also encourages providers of services to victims to be accredited to ensure that their services comply with the norms and standards set by the department,” Social Development explained.

The norms and standards include ensuring that employees of facilities are vetted against existing registers, for example the Child Protection Register (CPR) and the National Sexual Offences Register (NRSO), to protect victims.

All stakeholders, including the private sector, civil society organisations and members of the public, are encouraged to heed the call and respond with their comments in shaping a society that will advocate for justice for victims of violent crimes and gender-based violence.

The department said the VSS Bill, by its nature, is a critical part of government’s strategies to fight the scourge of GBVF, including the recently approved National Gender-Based Violence and Femicide Strategic Plan, 2020-2030.

The VSS Bill will specifically be driven through pillar four of the National Strategic Plan (NSP) on GBVF, which focuses on response, care, support and healing.

The memorandum on the objectives of the bill and the bill itself may be accessed on the Department of Social Development website: www.dsd.gov.za or from Government Notice No. 43528 Government Gazette, 17 July 2020. 

The closing date for comments is 16 September 2020. 

All comments may be submitted in the following format: Clause Commented on, Proposal, and Motivation.

All comments may be submitted to the following address/via e-mail: By post: The Director-General: Department of Social Development Private Bag X901 Pretoria 0001 or on e-mail: Siza Magangoe on Sizam@dsd.gov.za; or Luyanda Mtshotshisa on LuyandaMt@socdev.gov.za; or Anna Sithole on Annas@dsd.gov.za.  – SAnews.gov.za

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